#american interior design

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We’re the architectural millwork, cabinetry and woodworking perfectionists.

When your interior architectural design ideas require either single, one-of-a-kind custom cabinetry or short-run mass production to create a unified look in a commercial application, call American Interior Design. We specialize in small to medium-run millwork projects set to exacting standards of engineering, draftsmanship, and production.

Making the right materials work for you

We work in wood, laminates, plastics, and metal with translucent, opaque, and faux finishes surfaces. This wide range of materials gives us flexibility in meeting all your specific needs.

We’re American Interior Design, Inc.

Our portfolio tells our story.

Technologically advanced tooling

American Interior Design combines the best of all worlds

We are proud to be an active member of the The Builders Exchange. We maintain their high standards and participate in sponsored educational and training programs that constantly update our technical skills and allow us to contribute to our industry.

2008 American Interior Design, Inc. All Rights Reserved 19561 Miles Road Cleveland Ohio 44128 USA
Phone: 216. 663.0606 Maintained by webmaster at Visual Productions



#interior design photography

#

Barry Grossman Photography

The Award Winning Commercial Photography Portfolio of Architectural Photographer, Interior Design Photographer, Resort Photographer, Professional Photographer | Real Estate Photographer | Miami | Florida

Miami Architectural Photographer | Interior Design Photographer | Residential Photographer | Luxury Real Estate Photographer | Commercial Photographer

As a professional commercial photographer with over 20 years experience in South Florida, I provide award-winning images for interior designers, architects, builders, the real estate industry and hospitality clientele. My photography has taken me from Florida to New York, from Las Vegas to the Bahamas, from Atlanta to Cancun. My images are consistently published, and my clients are seen internationally in books, trade publications and magazines. These include Architectural Digest, Florida Architecture, Florida Design, Luxe, Showcase of Interior Design, Home Theater and Technology Trends among many others.

FLORIDA | FORT LAUDERDALE | MIAMI | NAPLES | ORLANDO | PALM BEACH

Barry Grossman | Grossman Photography | Phone: (954) 660-0908

Architectural Photographer | Interior Design Photographer | Real Estate Photographer | Commercial Photographer

ArchitecturalPhotographer.com, InteriorDesignPhotographer.com, InteriorsPhotographer.com



#architectural interior design

#

Drafting Drawing

Introduction to Drafting Techniques

Why do we use drafting to communicate our ideas?

We draft our ideas so someone else can understand your designs and to construct from them. You and all those involved in a project need to use a common language or form of communication that can be understood by all parties.

The old saying that a picture paints a thousand words could not be more apt for the design industry and so it is pictures that designers use as their main form of communication. If you tried to describe how a cabinet is built in written form is nearly impossible, takes a long time to read and leaves a lot to the imagination.

For example the description of a cabinet for manufacture.

I would like you to make me a cabinet. It needs to be 2 meters long and half a meter in depth and 90% of a meter high. I would like it to be made of mahogany with the grain shown to be quite a deep look and vertically run. The top of the cabinet needs to protrude over the leading face by 40 mm and be also 40 mm deep and I would like it to be rounded to a diameter of 20mm. In fact make it a bull nose. The interior of the cabinet is also to be mahogany and to have three adjustable shelves inside it. Space the adjustment holes at 20 mm intervals and use chrome plated steel pegs to hold the shelves in position. Each peg should be about an inch long and not to protrude through the exterior of the cabinet. It will need to have four doors and they are to be hung on self closing hinges with chrome plated steel D handles fixed 100 mm down from the top of the cabinet.

By the time you have finished writing all this and the instructions for the rest of the project you will have produced a book that is very large as well as very confusing. It is also difficult for the person manufacturing the cabinet to see at a glance your intentions and the details that you would like.

Now do not confuse this with a specification, which is illustrated here and is expanded in the Contracts and Co-ordination, Project Management area. A specification is an outline document covering the specific industry standards and conditions of contract that are required. Many industry professionals such as quantity surveyors and project managers love specifications and want you as the designer to put in as much design detail and quantities as possible. They do this to make their job easier and put the responsibility on you. My advice after over twenty years in this industry is to keep the written specification to a practical minimum and retain the detail and quantities of items on your drawings. The drawings are what you as a designer have a natural ability to communicate with. Leave the “word smitthing” to the lawyers and project managers and don’t let them frighten or bully you into doing otherwise.

You are the designer. Show your designs as drawings.

Now to give the other professionals their dues we have three main forms of documents to describe a building or interior project.

By Drawing this is your form of communication.

By Specification this is also your form of communication but crosses into the realm of the quantity surveyor and project manager.

By Schedule this is the specialist field of the quantity surveyor, which measures and accurately quantifies the project for the contractors to price from.

In my opinion a drawing can be all that is required for a project to go ahead and be built accurately. However if the drawing is to be used as a legal document, the scope of work and standard is based upon the drawing and a fee is offered and accepted for the work described on the drawing, then all relevant clauses such as building standards, guarantees etc should also be included or referred to on the drawing.

This is why we have specifications, to ensure that all the legal standards and guarantees are in place for the work to be done to. It describes a standard.

To include all of this information on the drawings would make them rather cumbersome and detract from the main intent of the drawing. With the use of modern word processing packages the standard document or specification can be kept and altered per project. It saves an enormous amount of time, the same way that using a standard detail or computer based drawing package can save time, these will be covered further here.

So in conclusion, drawing what you require is the most descriptive of the three documents. In larger contracts all three documents would be used, and that is what this area of the web site is based on.

The documents that you produce form a contract therefore you develop an accurate description or intent of what you require by drawing or drafting the item of work. This has to be as accurate as possible or have the intent clearly defined e.g. any interpretation that the contractor makes must be discussed with the designer and agreed to in writing before proceeding, as this document will form a legal contract. Therefore the person who constructs the item to the drafted design for payment must follow the design accurately or they have not completed their end of the contract and are in breach of it.



#architectural interior design

#

CASA REX.

THE 8TH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL DESIGN AWARDS

GRAPHIC DESIGNER OF THE YEAR

PROJECT: CAMPARI GIFT BOX

Casa Rex is a highly acclaimed international design consultancy credited with over 100 awards, with offices in Sao Paulo and London. Headed up by Gustavo Piqueira, a multi-cultural team of almost 40 people develop strategic design for global consumer brands; original design for editorial, corporate and environmental projects; and cutting-edge experimental design for anything from typefaces to homeware – affirming that Casa Rex can’t be boxed in the traditional agency or design studio terms.
www.casarex.com

THE PROJECT.

PROJECT: CAMPARI GIFT BOX

Development of a special edition gift box to celebrate the launch of Campari’s new bottle and packaging design in Brazil. The gift pack is lined by red fabric, the brand’s signature color, and closed with a unique golden lock, which when unlaced, opens the packaging as a book, revealing within its pages a unique narrative which takes consumers through a retrospect of the brand’s evolution across the years, passing through its previous iconic bottles to finally find, nested within the box, Campari’s new bottle.
www.campari.com

9TH ANNUAL INT’L DESIGNER OF THE YEAR AWARDS

FINAL DEADLINE: APRIL 30, 2016

Gain worldwide exposure: Enter one of the most respected Design Awards. Architects and interior designers, product designers, graphic designers and fashion designers are invited to submit their work for the IDA design competition.



#balinese interior design

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Luxurious Architectural Interiors and Outdoor Living Spaces in Balinese Style

Luxurious vila with impressive architectural interiors and outdoor living spaces is a work by Dutch architect Osiris Hertman. This Balinese villas demonstrates attractive architectural features and a state of the art decorating ideas creating fabulous architectural design. Unusual and traditional materials, spacious interior design and customized decor are blended with Balinese decorating ideas and unique handicrafts.

Dutch architect and designer Osiris Hertman. www.osirishertman.com/ creates comfortable, functional and chic interior design and decor for his clients. His beautiful homes feature bold contemporary room design, enhanced by spectacular views. Lush vegetation and amazing outdoor swimming pool with a stone bridge add to aesthetic appeal of this large Balinese villa.

Sliding glass panels create large windows and stylish glass wall designs, separating living spaces and a garden. Gorgeous wooden decks around the house with a large swimming pool, dead tree sculptures, beautiful plants, stone pebble decorations and inviting seating areas add a welcoming and relaxing feel to modern architectural design.

Spectacular villa with Balinese furniture

Spacious living room design with Balinese furniture made of local dark wood

This luxurious villa in Bali is designed for a wealthy couple, a jewelry magnate and his wife. The Dutch couple bought the villa and wanted to redesign home interiors in elegant contemporary style. The architect decided to connect the house design and home interiors to nature, opening living spaces with sliding glass panels that serve as large windows.

Living room, dining room and kitchen are united in one open space with a pleasant view of a tranquil garden design. Outdoor rooms and home interiors can be easily separated in case of bad weather with the stylish, ephemeral and practical glass wall design. A bridge created with stone slabs leads to a large pool and a lounge area with a gazebo and sun loungers.

Dining furniture and large pendant lights

Before starting the project, the designer lived in a villa for few days. He wanted to understand the pros and cons of existing architectural design and interiors. He analyzed how the light is distributed during day and affects the colors and finishes in different rooms.

The floors on the ground floor are made of colored concrete that add beautiful light green colors to interior design. The concrete was applied to a metal frame to create the impression of huge floor tiles. Concrete wall design is lighter, adding creamy gray color to modern interior design.

Modern bathroom design with two sinks, large wall mirror, wood furniture and bathtub on concrete floor

Wood furniture and unique bathroom fixtures, sculptures and decorative accessories demonstrate original designs and add traditional Asian interior decorating colors to sophisticated interior design. Wood furniture items are made by local craftsmen in accordance with designer s sketches. As the result, these modern architectural interiors and room decor features traditional Balinese items, customized and designed for contemporary luxurious lifestyle.

Interior design ideas

House exterior design and outdoor living spaces

Patio design with outdoor fireplace in contemporary style and wood furniture for dining



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PA System Malaysia | Public Address System Malaysia | LED Moving Head Malaysia | Architectural Lighting Malaysia | Stage LED Lighting Malaysia | LED Studio Malaysia | Microphone Sell In Malaysia | Line Array Malaysia | Pro Sound Speaker Malaysia | Flight Case Supplier Malaysia | Fog Machine Malaysia | Audio Mixer Malaysia | Active Subwoofer Malaysia | Professional Light & Sound Distributor Malaysia | Professional Audio Malaysia

About Us

Message from CEO

Acoustic Lighting System will be the leading distributor of audio visual, stage effect lighting equipment in the region

The Company

A household brand name in the distribution of professional sound, lighting and accessories solutions, ACOUSTIC LIGHTING SYSTEM (A L) is an industry leader as well as a respected player in the fields. Boasting two-decade of experience, A L has gained the reputation of being one of the most reliable distributors of today s most sought-after brands for lighting and sound equipment.

With strong corporate direction and precise positioning in the market, the company continues to expand as the years go by. Now, it has more than 9 physical premises that cater to a diversified market that include Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia.

Today, its famous orange on white logo has been synonymous with the image of reliability and serves as a constant reminder of the company s exceptional growth and progression throughout the years.

Service Support

A L believe that after-sales service is an important component to warrant long-lasting customer loyalty. That is why the Acoustic Lighting Service was incepted in 1994. This dedicated service and maintenance division specializes in providing efficient services in monthly maintenance and installation of equipment, sales supports services, equipment testing and maintenance and of course, after-sales service. The division is supported by a small team of management, technical workers, administration staff and as well as repair and maintenance team to make certain a smooth and efficient operation is upheld within. Their service and expertise are approved and supported by the manufacturers and they constantly provide product training, and follow-up services to our clients in all regions.

In 2014, the A L Service is further boosted by the establishment of the Project Defects, Audio, Lighting team – a smaller, more project-oriented division that corrects errors, checks defects and repairs equipment from the Project division of the company.

Divisions

A L s Headquarter is located in Malaysia in the commercial district of Puchong, Selangor. It is made up of several blocks of buildings that consist of a well-rounded Service Center, a spacious Warehouse, four multi-functional Product Showrooms and a flexible workspace area for various dedicated divisions.

Located at a stone-throw away from the front door of the Headquarter is the Warehouse. Recently renovated, it now boasts a cleaner layout and a more secured and pleasant environment to give customers the best experience out of their inventory-related needs. With the latest in barcode tagging, CCTV surveillance system, RedPrairie Management System, the objective of providing a fast, reliable service is uphold and maintained throughout the years.

To provide a unique and memorable experience for the customers, the Showrooms are partitioned into several different smaller units, each catering to one professional product or brand. The Public Address Showroom presents all of the most trustworthy brands of low-voltage and conference equipment, giving customers more choices in making a better decision. The Sound Showroom and LED Showroom cater to audio and lighting products respectively. There is also the Sennheiser Showroom, a wide and multi-functional space dedicated to all-things related to the microphone giant from Germany. In 2014, the Sennheiser Showroom was scheduled to undergo a facelift soon, a makeover project that not only enhanced the aesthetic level of the space but also to provide a more comfortable viewing experience for our customers.

Assisted by our team of well-trained professionals in the lighting and sound fields, customers are ensured of a smooth, effective product selection. We are dedicated to our customers every need and believe that it is our personal goal to make the customers experience in our Showroom as pleasant and smooth as possible.

Products Brands

Our range of products covers well-founded and world-renowned brands that cut through four main product categories that include Sound, Lighting. Video and Accessories. It is our utmost priority to provide customized solution to fulfill our every customer s individual needs.

In year 2013, we have obtained the rights to supply a full range of Sennheiser microphone systems to several prominent Malaysian artists for their various performances and stage appearances. So far, Sennheiser microphones had shared the stage and helped boost the performances of Jaclyn Victor, Tomok, Black RJ.

Overseas Divisions Affiliates

Apart from successful local operation and having 5 highly committed branches in different states in Malaysia, A L has expanded and established in other market in countries primary in Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia, with An individual division within each country leads the respective operations. With strong foothold in these markets, A L are a leading major force not only in its homegrown ground, but a formidable player in various parts of the region. As cultural diversification is always the key aspect in each of respective country, A L had invested countless hours, plenty of human resources and efforts in understanding the unique traits that separates each country and this uniqueness is also what unites each and every one on them to a common goal.

A L s strategy proves to be successful as they are able to correctly position themselves in each specific market and provide the right solution that fits the requirement of the audio and lighting industry for different clients in different regions.

Another division comes in the form of an associate company – AFS Engineering (MALAYSIA) Sdn. Bhd which plays a major role in supporting A L s operations both local and overseas. With 30 years of experience in the field, AFS is an expert in providing services in system design and integration for Extra Low Voltage, Broadcasting, Audio Visual Information Technology, Lighting and Studio.

The company is notable for handling various landmark projects that include the installation and maintenance of equipment for premises such as Bangunan Sultan Abdul Samad, Mid Valley Art Center and the Gardens Mall, Double Tree Hotel in Kuala Lumpur, Legoland Malaysia in Johor, and for Radio Televisyen Malaysia in various states of the country. In 2012, Mass Rapid Transit Corp Sdn Bhd (MRT) awarded AFS with a contract to supply the SCADA facility – a system used to monitor and control industrial processes for the upcoming MRT extension projects in Selangor.

Manpower

To support its rapid growth and expansion, A L knows that it needs to be supported by a team of talented workforce. Boasting a lineup of more 200 dedicated staff in various regions, A L consistently focus on providing various training programs, seminars and technical learning experience to help expand on the potential of their employees. Through training and development programs, A L also hope to reinforce the notion of continuous improvement within the organization.

Because of the diverse job roles and market applications, A L understand that wide range of training programs are the key to strengthening employees capabilities. That is why various training programs had been carried out to success. From coaching and mentoring classes, foreign language program, business writing workshop to customer service training and soft-skill program, the aim is to produce a well-rounded employee that will serve our customer and ensure they 100% satisfied and happy with our offerings. We often encourage our staff to attend trainings, seminars and product launchings in another countries to keep abreast of the latest changes in the industry.

Even though the employees are from different functional areas in different geographical location, they stand for one idea in mind: to provide wide range of value-added services to their customers. They believe that good customer service is the lifeblood of the organization.

In A L, customers can expect quick and effective service, thanks to the friendly and customer-oriented sales team who is always ready to assist. This team of qualified professionals is always at their customer s call to render prompt and efficient after-sales-service, if ever the need arise.



#interior design photography

#

Barry Grossman Photography

The Award Winning Commercial Photography Portfolio of Architectural Photographer, Interior Design Photographer, Resort Photographer, Professional Photographer | Real Estate Photographer | Miami | Florida

Miami Architectural Photographer | Interior Design Photographer | Residential Photographer | Luxury Real Estate Photographer | Commercial Photographer

As a professional commercial photographer with over 20 years experience in South Florida, I provide award-winning images for interior designers, architects, builders, the real estate industry and hospitality clientele. My photography has taken me from Florida to New York, from Las Vegas to the Bahamas, from Atlanta to Cancun. My images are consistently published, and my clients are seen internationally in books, trade publications and magazines. These include Architectural Digest, Florida Architecture, Florida Design, Luxe, Showcase of Interior Design, Home Theater and Technology Trends among many others.

FLORIDA | FORT LAUDERDALE | MIAMI | NAPLES | ORLANDO | PALM BEACH

Barry Grossman | Grossman Photography | Phone: (954) 660-0908

Architectural Photographer | Interior Design Photographer | Real Estate Photographer | Commercial Photographer

ArchitecturalPhotographer.com, InteriorDesignPhotographer.com, InteriorsPhotographer.com



#architectural interior design

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Interior Architectural Design

Program Overview

Interior Architectural Design is an award winning, multi-level program in the applied visual arts that prepares individuals to apply artistic principles and techniques to the professional planning, designing, equipping, and furnishing of residential and commercial interior spaces.

The mission of the program is (1) to provide a thorough and analytical foundation of the Interior Architectural Design field that will enable students to practice professionally and serve their community with safe, functional, and innovative interior spaces; (2) to offer high quality professional development opportunities for practicing designers; and (3) to facilitate academic transfer to four-year institutions.

In order to achieve its mission and ensure student success, the Interior Architectural Design Program is committed to meeting the following outcomes:

  • To encourage and develop professional communication skills; verbal, written, and technical.
  • To promote future excellence in the interior design field by keeping current with industry trends.
  • To provide educational enrichment and professional interaction through internships, out-of-classroom experiences, and other professional development opportunities.

Connect with the Interior Architectural Design Program.

© 2013 – 2016 Design Technology Department. Santa Monica College.
All rights reserved. Website Credits



#architectural interior design

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Architectural Design Major: Information and Requirements

The broad degree program of architectural design can have a variety of specific concentrations and offers an overview of any type of field that requires an expertise in spatial and material design theories.

Essential Information

A Bachelor of Fine Arts in Architectural Design degree program is designed to prepare students for careers in architecture, interior design, urban design and landscape architecture. Architectural design majors gain a theoretical background in design and architecture and learn how to conceptualize a building or interior space. In addition to classroom lectures, architectural design majors typically spend a great deal of time in a design studio, creating models and representations of full-scale design projects.

  • Prerequisites: High school diploma, completion of courses in college mathematics, art history, English, communications and social studies
  • Program Length: 4 years
  • Other Requirements: Group and individual model and research projects, internships

Bachelor of Fine Arts in Architectural Design

The courses included in a bachelor’s degree program in architectural design are a mix of theoretical discussions and hands-on studio time. Some examples of core courses found in such a program include:

  • 2D integrated studio and 3D design studio
  • Drawing studio
  • World art and design
  • Elements of space and surface
  • History of world architecture
  • Environment and architecture

Popular Careers

Design is a broad field and includes several different career opportunities. Architectural design majors might have the following careers from which to choose:

  • Architect
  • Landscape architect
  • Interior designer
  • City planner
  • Urban designer
  • Environmental artist
  • Exhibition designer

Employment Outlook and Salary Info

Students who go on to earn a professional degree in architecture can find work as architects. Between 2014 and 2024, job opportunities for architects were projected to grow 7%, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). As of 2015, the median salary for an architect was $76,100, per the BLS.

Continuing Education Options

Graduates of a bachelor’s degree program in architectural design have several continuing education options available to them. They might choose to pursue an advanced architectural education with a Master of Architecture degree program. Many graduate programs in architecture include concentrations, such as a Master of Architecture in Urban Design or a Master of Architecture in Sustainable Design. Other 2-year degree programs available in similar fields include a Master of Fine Arts in Interior Design or a master’s degree in landscape design.

Areas of study you may find at University of Pennsylvania include:
    • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
    • Post Degree Certificate: First Professional Certificate, Post Master’s Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
    • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
  • Engineering
    • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
    • Chemical Engineering
    • Civil Engineering
    • Computer Engineering
    • Electrical Engineering and Electronics
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Geological Engineering
    • Materials Engineering
    • Math
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Systems Engineering

Get Started with University of Pennsylvania

Areas of study you may find at University of Florida include:
    • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
    • Post Degree Certificate: Post Master’s Certificate
    • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
  • Engineering
    • Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering
    • Biological and Agricultural Engineering
    • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
    • Chemical Engineering
    • Civil Engineering
    • Computer Engineering
    • Electrical Engineering and Electronics
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Materials Engineering
    • Math
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Nuclear Engineering
    • Ocean Engineering
    • Surveying
    • Systems Engineering

Get Started with University of Florida

  • Engineering
    • Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering
    • Biological and Agricultural Engineering
    • Biomedical and Medical Engineering
    • Chemical Engineering
    • Civil Engineering
    • Electrical Engineering and Electronics
    • Engineering Mechanics
    • Engineering Physics
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Industrial Engineering
    • Materials Engineering
    • Math
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Nuclear Engineering
    • Systems Engineering

Get Started with Cornell University



#architectural interior design

#

Drafting Drawing

Introduction to Drafting Techniques

Why do we use drafting to communicate our ideas?

We draft our ideas so someone else can understand your designs and to construct from them. You and all those involved in a project need to use a common language or form of communication that can be understood by all parties.

The old saying that a picture paints a thousand words could not be more apt for the design industry and so it is pictures that designers use as their main form of communication. If you tried to describe how a cabinet is built in written form is nearly impossible, takes a long time to read and leaves a lot to the imagination.

For example the description of a cabinet for manufacture.

I would like you to make me a cabinet. It needs to be 2 meters long and half a meter in depth and 90% of a meter high. I would like it to be made of mahogany with the grain shown to be quite a deep look and vertically run. The top of the cabinet needs to protrude over the leading face by 40 mm and be also 40 mm deep and I would like it to be rounded to a diameter of 20mm. In fact make it a bull nose. The interior of the cabinet is also to be mahogany and to have three adjustable shelves inside it. Space the adjustment holes at 20 mm intervals and use chrome plated steel pegs to hold the shelves in position. Each peg should be about an inch long and not to protrude through the exterior of the cabinet. It will need to have four doors and they are to be hung on self closing hinges with chrome plated steel D handles fixed 100 mm down from the top of the cabinet.

By the time you have finished writing all this and the instructions for the rest of the project you will have produced a book that is very large as well as very confusing. It is also difficult for the person manufacturing the cabinet to see at a glance your intentions and the details that you would like.

Now do not confuse this with a specification, which is illustrated here and is expanded in the Contracts and Co-ordination, Project Management area. A specification is an outline document covering the specific industry standards and conditions of contract that are required. Many industry professionals such as quantity surveyors and project managers love specifications and want you as the designer to put in as much design detail and quantities as possible. They do this to make their job easier and put the responsibility on you. My advice after over twenty years in this industry is to keep the written specification to a practical minimum and retain the detail and quantities of items on your drawings. The drawings are what you as a designer have a natural ability to communicate with. Leave the “word smitthing” to the lawyers and project managers and don’t let them frighten or bully you into doing otherwise.

You are the designer. Show your designs as drawings.

Now to give the other professionals their dues we have three main forms of documents to describe a building or interior project.

By Drawing this is your form of communication.

By Specification this is also your form of communication but crosses into the realm of the quantity surveyor and project manager.

By Schedule this is the specialist field of the quantity surveyor, which measures and accurately quantifies the project for the contractors to price from.

In my opinion a drawing can be all that is required for a project to go ahead and be built accurately. However if the drawing is to be used as a legal document, the scope of work and standard is based upon the drawing and a fee is offered and accepted for the work described on the drawing, then all relevant clauses such as building standards, guarantees etc should also be included or referred to on the drawing.

This is why we have specifications, to ensure that all the legal standards and guarantees are in place for the work to be done to. It describes a standard.

To include all of this information on the drawings would make them rather cumbersome and detract from the main intent of the drawing. With the use of modern word processing packages the standard document or specification can be kept and altered per project. It saves an enormous amount of time, the same way that using a standard detail or computer based drawing package can save time, these will be covered further here.

So in conclusion, drawing what you require is the most descriptive of the three documents. In larger contracts all three documents would be used, and that is what this area of the web site is based on.

The documents that you produce form a contract therefore you develop an accurate description or intent of what you require by drawing or drafting the item of work. This has to be as accurate as possible or have the intent clearly defined e.g. any interpretation that the contractor makes must be discussed with the designer and agreed to in writing before proceeding, as this document will form a legal contract. Therefore the person who constructs the item to the drafted design for payment must follow the design accurately or they have not completed their end of the contract and are in breach of it.