Top 20 Cheapest Cars to Insure

In the United States, the car we drive is an extension of who we are it expresses our values, sense of style and, to some extent, eccentricities. But the car we drive also plays a major role in determining how much we pay for car insurance, and many drivers fail to factor in this reality. That s why it pays to know which vehicles get rock-bottom car insurance rates, and with this in mind, we’ve turned to our friends at insurance marketplace Insure.com for a list of 20 of the cheapest vehicles to insure across several categories. It s complicated to come up with such a list, since there are so many variables, but Insure.com s database determines the rankings based on the median insurance rate for each model.

Car Insurance X-Factors – What Determines Your Rate?

There are many factors that determine car insurance rates, including gender, age, driving record, ZIP code, annual mileage and, in most states, credit scores. The factor that often trumps them all, however, is the car you drive. Common sense holds that a more expensive vehicle will cost more to insure than a cheaper one, but it s not always that simple. A vehicle s safety rating, accident frequency and theft rate also play a major role in determining its insurance premium. Cars such as family-friendly SUVs and crossovers might be less expensive because they tend to be owned by more responsible drivers. On the flip side, certain subcompacts are cheap to insure because their owners tend not to stray far from home, and because the insurance company won t be facing a big settlement if such a car is wrecked. With that, flip to the next page to see the top 10 cheapest cars to insure, as well as 10 more across a range of categories.

20) 2016 Honda Civic Sedan

Base MSRP: $18,640

NHTSA crash safety rating: 5-Star Overall


Water Damage Restoration in Thousand Oaks CA

If you’re looking for water damage cleanup in Thousand Oaks, you’ve come to the right place! We are a full service company offering high quality water damage restoration services to both residential and commercial customers. We work with each client individually to ensure the best personalized service to solve their unique issues. In addition to our water and sewage removal we also offer:

Why Choose Us?

  • Our staff is highly trained.
  • We use safe, “green” cleaning products.
  • We are a reputable, full-service water damage restoration company.
  • Our team uses the latest cleanup methods and state-of-the-art equipment.
  • We can work with and bill direct to your insurance carrier.
  • You can rely on our guaranteed results.

About Our Community in Thousand Oaks, CA

Named by Money Magazine as one of the Best Places to Live in 2006, Thousand Oaks is located in Ventura County and is named for the plentiful oaks that fill the area. The area reported a population of 126,683 residents in the 2010 census. Some points of interest include the majestic old oak tree, Conejo Valley Botanical Garden, Dawn s Peak, American Radio Archive, The Oaks Shopping Center and Wildwood Regional Park.

Additional Services Include Upholstery Carpet Cleaning

Is your carpet or tile looking a little dingy? Our water damage cleanup team has the knowledge and equipment to help make your floors look like new again. Even if you regularly mop and vacuum, some stains and unwanted particles seem to fight back. Having a professional clean your floors can leave your home looking new, smelling fresh, and feeling a lot healthier, especially for those with allergies. We are also trained to handle even the most delicate materials, even removing stains and odors left by pets! Impress the neighbors with your immaculate home, maintained with care by our expert Thousand Oaks cleaning services.

Contact the water damage restoration experts in Thousand Oaks today. Call 805-200-4706.

#interior design courses in bangalore


Advantage LISAA

Recruit our Students

Open Days

LISAA School Of Design, Bangalore is recognized by the University Of Mysore to offer Degree Courses in:

  • Bachelors Degree in Fashion Textile Design (3yrs, Regular Face to Face program)
  • Bachelors Degree (Hons) in Interior Product Design (4yrs, Regular Face to Face program)
  • Bachelors Degree in Graphic Web Design (3yrs, Regular Face to Face program)

Global curriculum meticulously designed by LISAA France. LISAA s curriculum is designed and updated on a regular basis in order to ensure that the training meets the ever changing demand of Design Industry. LISAA operates 9 locations in France and India combined.

LISAA s Exchange programs provides international trips with French Schools and Educational Institutions, providing global exposure to the world of Design. Student exchange program also offers the possibility to graduate in one of the LISAA locations in France*

LISAA through its global education platform offers training from its worldwide teachers and lecturers.

LISAA School Of Design, Bangalore offers state-of-the-art Infrastructure in the heart of the IT Hub of India, Bangalore. LISAA Bangalore offers more than 25,000 Sq-Ft of Creative Studios and Classrooms, iMac/PC Labs. The teaching methodology is contemporary and is delivered through state-of-the-art infrastructure, latest equipments advanced technologies.


LISAA School Of Design, Bangalore is a center of LISAA from France. LISAA Bangalore is recognized by the University of Mysore to offer Degree Courses in Fashion & Textile Design, Interior & Product Design and Graphic & Web Design. It also offers Student Exchange program with more than 7 other locations in France.

Important Note: The information provided on the website is true at the time of creation of it. Please note any and all information provided here is subject to change. Please check with the school management for continuous updates and revisions to the information.



Building #97, Umiya Emporium, 2nd Floor
Opposite Forum Mall, Koramangala (Dairy Circle side)
Bangalore, 560029

#interior design university courses


Bachelor of Design in Interior and Spatial Design

2016 ATAR cut-off for domestic applicants. The Australian Tertiary Admission Rank is the measure of a student s overall academic achievement in the NSW Higher School Certificate (HSC) relative to other students. Different entry requirements apply to international applicants and mature aged and non-school leaver applicants. For further details, see the How to apply tab for your course.

Min. duration
3 years full time

The Bachelor of Design in Interior and Spatial Design helps students to re-imagine interior environments and public spaces in local and global contexts.

The Bachelor of Design in Interior and Spatial Design helps students to re-imagine interior environments and public spaces in local and global contexts. With a strong emphasis on people s experiences of space and the choice of a major in performative space, this degree equips students with the critical skills required to interrogate and transgress the traditional boundaries of commercial interior design.

Students learn to engage with public and urban spaces alongside internal environments. Contemporary societies and city environments are changing rapidly, and this course promotes the ability to adapt to this change and shape the way people experience interior and public spaces.

Through a strong emphasis on practice and research, students develop the ability to think conceptually and understand the complex contexts in which they are designing. Through intensive collaborative design studios, students work to develop, discuss and debate ideas as they would in industry. With skills in analogue and digital design and fabrication, they are able to tackle real-world projects in the studios as well as through competitions with stakeholders such as the Art Gallery of NSW, Object Gallery, the City of Sydney and Zumtobel Lighting.

International connections and focus encourage recognition of UTS graduates abroad. UTS academics lead yearly international design studios in cities such as Berlin, Hong Kong, Athens, Prague and Venice. International guest lectures and workshops, as well as a wide range of exchange opportunities, enrich students learning and expose them to different cultures of design.

Course aims

Through their study, students develop spatial intelligence and excellence in design practice. The program fosters a creative and explorative attitude towards the design process, underpinned by reflective and critical engagement. Students generate a cohesive design approach where research and practice are consolidated in design outcomes.

  • an emphasis on creative, innovative spatial practice and international networks
  • practice-oriented and research-integrated learning regarding specific projects
  • engagement with innovative and creative technologies
  • an emphasis on emerging design practices
  • close links with creative practitioners.

All students at UTS pay tuition fees to contribute towards the cost of their studies.

In 2016 all offers made to domestic undergraduate students will be for Commonwealth Supported Places (CSP). which means that the Australian government makes a substantial contribution towards the cost of your education, and you pay the balance through student contributions.

The amount you pay depends on your area of study and the number of credit points (cp) in which you enrol. At UTS 48 credit points is considered to be one Equivalent Full Time Study Load (EFTSL).

The table to the right shows the amount a student can expect to pay for one year of full-time study (1.0 EFTSL).

Eligible students can choose to either defer payment of their fees through HECS-HELP. or pay up front to receive a 10% discount. Subject to the passage of legislation, the discount applied to upfront payments may be removed.

In addition to tuition fees, students are required to pay a Services and Amenities Fee (SSAF). The purchase of textbooks and other course materials may also result in additional cost.

You can calculate your student contribution as a percentage of the above.
e.g. If you are enrolled in a 6 credit point Mathematics subject. your contribution would be 6/48 x $8,917 = $1,114

Student contribution amounts for 2015 commencing students

Area of study and

(per EFTSL or 48 cp)

Law, Accounting, Commerce, Economics, Administration, Dentistry, Medicine, Veterinary Science

Mathematics, Statistics, Computing, Built Environment, Other Health, Allied Health, Engineering, Science, Surveying, Agriculture

Humanities, Behavioural Science, Social Studies, Education, Clinical Psychology, Foreign Languages, Visual and Performing Arts, Nursing

Eligible students can choose to either defer payment of their fees through HECS-HELP. or pay up front to receive a 10% discount. Subject to the passage of legislation, the discount applied to upfront payments may be removed.

In addition to tuition fees, students are required to pay a Services and Amenities Fee (SSAF). The purchase of textbooks and other course materials may also result in additional cost.

You can calculate your student contribution as a percentage of the above.
e.g. If you are enrolled in a 6 credit point Mathematics subject. your contribution would be 6/48 x $8,917 = $1,114

Tuition fees for international students vary between courses and range from A$19,840 to A$34,080 per year.

Tuition fees for international undergraduate students can be found using fees search .

Tuition fees must be paid in advance each session and are subject to annual increase. Fees for future year(s) published in fees search, whilst unlikely to change, are estimates only. UTS makes every effort to provide up to date future year(s) fee estimates and to limit any changes, however, UTS reserves the right to vary fees for future year(s) at any time.

For this course, the cost per credit point for 2017 is $658. The total credit points are 144.

All international students should familiarise themselves with the following documents:

  • Protocol on fees and refunds for international students – contains the fee and refund conditions for international students
  • Tuition Protection Service – designed to ensure that students receive the tuition they have paid for

In addition to tuition fees, students may be required to pay a Student Services and Amenities Fee (SSAF). Textbooks and other course materials will also result in additional costs.

For further information on costs related to your study at UTS, visit the international students’ fees information page .


Career options include commercial and residential interior design, adaptive re-use design, interactive and responsive environment design, museum and exhibition design, production design for film and television, theatre and performance design, and visual and spatial branding.

Course structure

The course is offered on a three-year, full-time basis. There are generally up to 20 contact hours a week. Lectures and studios are on campus during the teaching period.

Full time, on campus

Admission requirements

Applicants must have completed an Australian Year 12 qualification, Australian Qualifications Framework Diploma, or equivalent Australian or overseas qualification at the required level.

Students must refer to the inherent requirements for all degrees offered by Design and Architecture in the Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building.

The English proficiency requirement for international students or local applicants with international qualifications is: Academic IELTS: 6.5 overall with a writing score of 6.0; or TOEFL: paper based: 550-583 overall with TWE of 4.5, internet based: 79-93 overall with a writing score of 21; or AE5: Pass; or PTE: 58-64; or CAE: 176-184.

Eligibility for admission does not guarantee offer of a place.

Visa requirement: To obtain a student visa to study in Australia, international students must enrol full time and on campus. Australian student visa regulations also require international students studying on student visas to complete the course within the standard full-time duration. Students can extend their courses only in exceptional circumstances.

Check to see if there are additional admission requirements for this course.

If you don’t meet the admission requirements for this course, there may be alternative pathways to help you gain admission.

Assumed knowledge

Any two units of English.

Design and Technology, Visual Arts are recommended.

Year 12 bonus scheme

To see a list of courses where HSC subjects provide bonus points, please refer to the Year 12 bonus points page.

Scholarships, prizes and awards


#interior design companies in london


Interior Designers Chichester

Welcome to Maybury Interiors. We are a small friendly company specializing in stunning design from modern new build, classical refurbishment to just tweaking that single room that needs new ideas and that va va voom.

From designing bathrooms and kitchens from scratch, to colour and so importantly lighting to create that special ambience, we are experienced in creating individual spaces that are harmonious, comfortable, glamorous yet beautifully functional.

Design is no longer confined to the special few and not being restricted to any one supplier, we can shop around and pass the trade savings onto you.

We hope you enjoy the website, and please don’t hesitate to contact us.

#interior design courses in bangalore



001 Introduction / Significance
002 Importance of Furniture Design for Interiors
003 Ancient Age / Middle Age / Contemporary
004 Research Project

Graphic Presentation (Basic)

001 Free Hand Drawing Lines, Curves, Waves
002 Compositions in pencils,Colours and pasting
003 3D Compostion: Isometric and Axonometric
004 Still life
005 Furniture Sketching
006 Object drawing with colour Rendering
007 Interior elements, Lighting, plants etc

a. Colour wheel
b. Rendering in ink
c. Interior Finishes (B/W and colour)
d. Dotting
e. illusions
f. Interior rendering and stubbing
g. Stained Glass

001 Lettering
002 Use of Scale
003 Solid Geometry
004 Introduction for sciography
005 Perspective, Axonometric Isometric drawing

a. Lifts and escalators
b. Acoustics and their application in interiors, water proofing, fire safety

Interior Design (Basic)

001 Introduction to concept of ID
002 Planning of Interior Space and circulation
003 Residential project (Each Room to be dealt with individually and indetail and accordance
with the specific requirements.
004 Principles of Hotel of Hotel interiors (Each project to have preliminary study report,
Concept stage, Final design and write-up with model.

Elements of Design

001 Interior Design as a Visual Art
002 Elements of Design
003 colours, Accessories and their significance
004 Project Analysis and Design Development
005 Design source
006 Interior space and flow chart, A good design

Construction Techniques (Basic)

Building Components, Basic idea of Construction, Foundation and superstructure. Doors, Windows, Staircase R.C.C. Timber

a. False Ceiling, Partitions, Wall Panelling, Comics, Mosaic, Cladding
b. Flooring and Wall Cladding

Role of an Interior Designer

001 Responsibility towards society and need of an Interior Designer to better the environment
002 Ethics and Code of Conduct
003 Responsibility towards client, contractor and supplier.
004 Estimation. Professional Fees
005 Work of an Interior Designer
006 Making of portfolio, JD Annual Design Awards

001 The Client Practice, Procedure of execution
002 P.E.R.T/ C.P.M. Arbitration
003 Final Project Practical Training

Annual Design Project

It is mandatory to complete the final design project which comprises of illustration, research, photo shoot and final show. A separate amount shall be paid for the same.

Recommended for every male and female. Perfecting you in the art of developing your ideas and creating ambience with convenience and comfort with the use of available resources and offering value utility service to create home office and work place presenting one’s own status presentation.

Corporate Centre Mumbai

  • JD Institute of Fashion Technology JD, Hemu Arcade, Opp. Vile Parle Station (W), Mumbai – 400 056
  • 022-2615 4949
  • [email protected]

Corporate Centre New Delhi

  • JD Institute of Fashion Technology JD, 39, Daryacha Building, Hauz Khas Village, New Delhi – 110 016
  • 011 – 2696 0821/652 | 011 – 2652 8404
  • [email protected]

Corporate Centre Bangalore

  • JD Institute of Fashion Technology # 79, 2nd Cross, Lavelle Road, Bangalore – 560 001
  • +91-9901 9999 03/4 | +91-9480 3232 32
  • [email protected]

Courses Offered

Our Branches

Useful Links

JD Institute of Fashion Technology © 2016. All Rights Reserved.

#interior design firms in singapore


Magento Commerce


Singapore s Preferred Online Collection of Designer Furniture

Transform your living space with state of the art design solutions from Posh home. Posh Home is a company which has made its name in Singapore for its outstanding collection of replica designer furniture which takes its cues from the icons of mid-20th century design to make a bold modern statement. Our extensive range has been designed to fulfil all the furnishing needs of the modern home and includes lounges, sofas, chairs, tables, beds and lighting.

Our collection combines superior design sensibilities with outstanding craftsmanship to create pieces designed for comfort as well as aesthetic appeal. We believe that for a piece of furniture to be great, it must encompass both ergonomic and aesthetic considerations. As an extension of this belief, our range only features pieces which combine comfort, durability, and impeccable design. Our collection is designed to appeal to the modern Singaporean tastemaker, who is not afraid to combine old and new, as well as bold and minimalist pieces to create an eclectic contemporary living space.

Bespoke commercial and residential interior design services

In addition to our online range of designer furniture, Posh Home offer state of the art interior design services for both commercial and residential properties throughout Singapore. Our talented designers will work closely with you to create stunning living and working spaces which are perfectly tailored to your lifestyle or brand. Posh Home s interiors incorporate many pieces of our comfort design furniture to create modern interiors which are simultaneously functional and aesthetically striking.

Browse our site to learn more about our range or contact our knowledgeable team by calling +65 8588 1188. To get a quote for our interior design services in Singapore, please use the online enquiry form. Posh Home is dedicated to helping Singaporeans create visionary contemporary interiors that speak to their cosmopolitan lifestyle.

Contact Information

33 Ubi Avenue 3, #01-46, Vertex,
Singapore 408868.

+65 8588 1188



Thematic Working Groups (TWGs) are a core component of Health Systems Global’s identity as a member-driven organization. They are multi-disciplinary groups comprised of researchers, decision-makers and implementers and they provide a platform for membership interaction and the exchange of experiences around particular issues in health systems research.

Currently there are ten TWGs that have been approved by the HSG Board. They are listed on the right-hand menu. To find out more about the groups and their work please click on their names. HSG members are encouraged to engage with or join the groups.

HSG has established a board-level working group to focus on TWG related strategic issues and to guide the board and the secretariat actions related to new TWG establishment. HSG will welcome applications from its members to establish new thematic working groups after the Board working group develops its recommendations, due in late 2017. New applicants will be expected to explore areas of health systems research that are not already addressed by the existing groups. For any queries in this regard please contact the secretariat: [email protected] .

Proposed TWGs should:

  • Represent a major health systems research issue, or methodological approach or capacity development challenge. Please note that the proposal should cover an area of work / topic that is not currently addressed by an existing TWG. Proposals that have substantial overlaps with the mandates of existing TWGs will not be accepted;
  • The goals and objectives of the proposal should be aligned with HSG’s 2016–2020 Strategy priorities and should clearly reflect where and how the new TWG would contribute to achieving organizational goals;
  • Be led by current members of the society and have at least 15 HSG members who are potentially interested in participating in the TWG;
  • Encompass diverse members of Health Systems Global, including members, for example, from different geographical areas (countries or regions) or different languages, or different constituencies (researchers, policy-makers, implementers, civil society) and should include representatives from both the Global North and South;
  • Be of long-term relevance (i.e. the society is unlikely to support short-term thematic working groups).

TWGs which are accepted by Health Systems Global will be offered the following benefits:

  • A homepage on the Health Systems Global website;
  • Access to the society member mailings/newsletter/social media (for example to announce events or activities);
  • Dedicated time slot and meeting room during the society’s biennial global symposium;
  • Priority access to meeting rooms for satellite sessions associated with the symposium;
  • Use of the the society’s logo and name on their materials;

The society is considering ways in which TWGs may contribute or potentially manage different tracks within the biennial symposium.

Thematic working groups may have a variety of different objectives, from developing capacity for health systems research, to promoting and sharing research findings in a particular field. Accordingly, different TWGs may engage in different activities such as providing training opportunities for Health Systems Global members through webinars or face-to-face training sessions; sharing announcements about relevant research funding opportunities; establishing mentoring schemes; developing advocacy tools; or providing awards to outstanding students or practitioners. Further, TWGs should consider developing sub-groups/streams for specific areas of work.

Each TWG should be led by a minimum of three Health Systems Global members, who will take responsibility for developing the programme of work for the group and supporting its implementation. These “officers” of the TWG should be prepared to rotate periodically. The officers of the TWG will maintain an email list of the members and will organize section meetings at the global symposia. It is at the discretion of each group if they would like to plan interim meetings at events of their choice. These positions are non-remunerative and the TWGs should not expect additional support from the society beyond that outlined above.

Health Systems Global will be accepting proposals to establish new TWGs from its members in late 2017, after the Board-level working group focussing on TWG-related strategic issues presents their recommendations to the Board.

Proposals for new thematic working groups should explore areas of health systems research not currently addressed by existing TWGs. For any queries in this regard please contact the secretariat: [email protected] .

Useful documents

  • Communications Support to TWG FAQs


Sharpen your skills with our CPA-related classes

Certified Public Accountants (CPA) work alongside individuals and organizations and assist them with a range of financial matters. A CPA has detailed knowledge and a deep understanding of accounting, finance and tax matters. You can prepare for a future in this field with our full range of business and accounting courses.

We have CPA classes which allow you to work on a degree program, earn a certificate or take individual courses covering topics such as accounting. business and finance. This can boost your confidence and increase your knowledge in this competitive field. It can also help you get the additional hours you need to sit for the CPA exam.

Our CPAcourses are designed with the needs of working learners in mind. We offer both undergraduate and graduate level courses that can be completed from anywhere with a computer and Internet connection.

We offer innovative programs which allow you to work toward the career you want in a way that fits into your life. Our flexible course schedule, frequent start dates and innovative online learning format makes it possible to continue your education as a working professional.

Our students benefit from:

  • Small class sizes averaging just 14 students for more personal attention and guidance.
  • Faculty members with extensive subject matter experience in accounting and business.
  • Courses that can be completed in as few as five weeks.
  • Individual courses available at both the undergraduate and graduate level.

You can take CPA classes specially designed to help you prepare for the CPA exam or individual courses for your professional growth. This allows you to broaden your knowledge and explore key topics in accounting, business and finance.

Our programs make continuing education more accessible for the adult learner. You can take online CPA courses from anywhere, completing course work when it is convenient for you. Get started today by calling 866.484.1815 or request additional information .

Reach the next step in your professional or academic life with our individual accounting and CPA-related courses. Select from undergraduate or graduate level courses, earn the credits you need to reach your professional or personal goals, including preparing to sit for the CPA exam. Some of our most popular courses include:

ETH/557 – Accounting Ethics
ACC/542 – Accounting Information Systems
LAW/531 – Business Law
ACC/491 – Contemporary Auditing
ACC/455 – Corporate Taxation
ACC/349 – Cost Accounting
ACC/537 – Financial Accounting
ACC/556 – Forensic Accounting
ACC/460 – Government and Nonprofit Accounting
ACC/421 – Intermediate Financial Accounting
ACC/290 – Principles of Accounting

View all available CPA courses to find one that fits your professional goals.

Looking for additional credits or interested in earning a Graduate Accounting Certificate? Delve deep into crucial topics such as auditing, taxation, information systems and financial analysis with this certificate program.

View a detailed certificate description . request information or call 866.484.1815 for to get started today.

Becoming a CPA is challenging and the exam required for licensure is demanding.

The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) publishes descriptions of the testable content of each section of the CPA exam, which has historically covered the following four areas, in its Content Specification Outlines (CSOs) .

Auditing and Attestation (AUD)

Business Environment and Concepts (BEC)

Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR)

The AICPA offers additional information regarding CPA examination, including how the CPA exam is scored. Please check with your State Board of Accountancy for information specific to you state.

State Boards of Accountancy Requirements for CPA licensure vary by state and jurisdiction.* View your state’s requirements here. (This list only reflects those states where our test-prep courses are available.)

Let us help you take the next step in preparing for your exam. Request more information or call 866.484.1815 to get started today.

*These links are provided for your information and convenience. As these are maintained by various state agencies, University of Phoenix cannot ensure the accuracy or currency of the information provided, nor is it affiliated in any way with the organizations providing the information. Please contact the state board directly to confirm the current requirements in the state of your choice.

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Gain a deeper understanding of accounting, business and finance. We can also help you prepare for Certified Public Accountant licensure with courses, certificate programs and test-preparation.

Learn valuable new skills and broaden your knowledge in this rewarding field. Our courses and degree programs can help you prepare to move ahead in administration and nurse management roles.

Courses designed to serve you through every phase of your HR career. Flexible programs for those seeking HR certification, in need of continuing education units or just entering the field.

Prepare for a range of IT positions including networking and security, business systems and applications development. We have courses for those new to IT as well as seasoned professionals.

Develop in-demand skills and keep up with emerging trends within this dynamic industry. Select from a range courses, certificates and degree programs designed for all levels of experience.

Boost job performance by increasing your knowledge and sharpening project management skills. Our courses help you grow as a professional and even prepare for PMI®, PMP® or CAPM® certification.

Convenient and flexible courses to help you enhance your skills as an educator. Broaden your knowledge, learn new concepts for the classroom and meet recertification or endorsement requirements.

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This section is meant to test your knowledge and skills regarding auditing procedures and standards, standards related to attest engagements and the skills needed to apply that knowledge.

This section tests your knowledge and skills relating to the general business environment. It also covers the business concepts required to understand the reasons for accounting implications of business transactions.

This section tests your knowledge and skills relating to generally accepted accounting principles for business enterprises, not-for-profit organizations and government entities.

This section tests your knowledge and skills relating to federal taxation, ethics, professional and legal responsibilities and business law.

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Each state sets forth standards required to be eligible to take the CPA exam and apply for licensure or certification as a CPA. While these courses were designed with consideration for the standards proposed by the National Association of State Boards of Accounting (NASBA), University of Phoenix cannot, and will not, provide any assurance that completion of these courses will allow a successful student to qualify within the student’s specific jurisdiction. Potential applicants should check with the appropriate organization within their jurisdiction to determine if these courses, combined with their undergraduate degree and any other specific criteria, meet the requirements to qualify for examination in that specific jurisdiction. States frequently change their requirements for examination. There is no assurance that at the time of courses completion the specific jurisdiction’s requirements will be consistent with the requirements at the time of admission.

Associate, bachelor’s and master’s courses are academic, for-credit courses. Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice. Individual courses are not eligible for federal financial aid.

Most certificate programs are credit-bearing, and many are eligible for federal financial aid for students who qualify. Please note that the A+ Fundamentals, CCNA and Network+ Technologies certificate programs are not eligible for federal financial aid. The Application Delivery Networking Certificate Program (noncredit) is not credit bearing and not eligible for financial aid. Students completing the noncredit Application Delivery Networking Certificate Program will receive a letter of completion.

While widely available, not all courses are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative. More information about admissions requirements can be found in the Academic Catalog .


Information for:

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Copyright © 2017 University of Phoenix


bupivacaine (Rx)

Black Box Warnings

The 0.75% concentration of bupivacaine is not recommended for obstetrical anesthesia; cardiac arrest with difficult resuscitation or death reported when used as epidural anesthesia in obstetrical patients; reserve the 0.75% concentration for surgical procedures where a high degree of muscle relaxation and prolonged effect are necessary

Preservative-containing solutions should not be used for caudal or epidural block


Hypersensitivity, sensitivity to parabens

Obstetrical paracervical block anesthesia

Intravenous regional anesthesia use


History of malignant hyperthermia

DO NOT use solutions with epinephrine in distal areas of body (eg, digit, nose, ear, etc)

Use preservative-free preparations for spinal or epidural anesthesia

Avoid intravascular administration

Addition of vasoconstrictor, epinephrine, will promote local hemostasis, decrease systemic absorption, and increase duration of action

Test dose recommended for epidural administration

Caution in cardiovascular disease including hypotension or heart block

Cardiac arrest, arrhythmia and death reported with use of bupivacaine containing products

Confusion, convulsions, respiratory depression, and/or respiratory arrest, and cardiovascular stimulation or depression reported

Use caution in patients with hepatic impairment

Use caution in the elderly, the acutely ill or debilitated patient (may require dose reduction)

Chondrolysis associated with intra-articular infusions following arthroscopic and other surgical procedures (off-label use)

Pregnancy Lactation

Pregnancy Category: C

Lactation: excretion in milk unknown/not recommended

Pregnancy Categories

A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA: Information not available.


Mechanism of Action

Local anesthetics prevent generation/conduction of nerve impulses by reducing sodium permeability increasing action potential threshold


Duration: 2-9 hr (The greater the degree of vasodilation produced by the local anesthetic, the faster the absorption rate the shorter the duration of action; bupivacaine has a long duration of action)

Protein bound: 95%

Onset of action: 1-17 min (route and dose dependent)

Peak plasma time: 30-45 min (caudal, epidural, or peripheral nerve block)

Half-life: 8.1 hr (neonates); 2.7 hr (adults)

Metabolites: Ester- amide-type local anesthetics

Excretion: Urine (principally)

Prior Authorization
Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.

Quantity Limits
Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.

Step Therapy
Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.

Other Restrictions
Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.