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other fibers to add a luxurious feel and appearance.

bookcases, highboys and other furniture.

Acrylic also has a plush loft that will not flatten.

rococo style of the 1750’s, and is characterized by slender, graceful lines, refined shapes and restrained ornamentation.

Afghan: A coverlet or shawl of wool, knitted or crocheted in colorful geometric designs.

Ageing: Decorative technique used to create the effect of wear-and-tear on wooden, painted, plastic or other surfaces.

with a foundation.

Alcove: Recessed part of a room. Bed alcoves exist in Pompeian rooms, and such placing of the sleeping quarters was common in northern Europe through the Middle Ages and later. In the 18th Century special beds were designed to fit such recesses. Alcoves are also used for bookcases and cabinets, dining groups, etc.

American Country: Simple designs originating from the earliest settlers in America during the Early Colonial period (see above). These pieces are very simple and often rough in design. This charming style is still very popular today.

American Frontier (American Primitive): This style of late 1700’s to 1800’s was created to meet the demands of the western frontier. Noted pieces include wagon seat twin chairs, sinks without plumbing, cupboards and cobbler’s benches. Woods primarily used included ash, hickory, maple, black walnut and pine. Pieces of this period were usually painted black or in primary colors.

Angel Bed: A bed with a canopy but no front support.

Art Glass: Decorative glass – includes stained, beveled, fused, blown, etched, leaded and cut.

Baluster: A small turned, square or flat column that supports a rail. Also used to form chair backs.

Bar Stool: A stool that has a seat height of about 30″, opposed to a counter stool that normally has a seat height of 24″ to 26″.

Batten: A strip of wood that’s attached to a wall to provide supports for fixing fabric or paneling.

Bed Rails: Metal or wooden frames that join a headboard and footboard together and also support the mattress set. Most commonly used bed rail styles include hook-on and bolt-on designs.

Bench Cushion (or Bench Seat): A long seat cushion that covers the entire deck area of a sofa, loveseat orsettee, opposed to individual cushions.

outermost coils to provide the shape and form for the mattress set.

Box Pleat (or Boxpleat): A symmetrical skirt pleat made by folding the fabric to the back of each side of the pleat to create a dentil pattern.

Candle Follower: A device that fits onto the top of a candle. As the wax melts the follower keeps

the wax from dripping down the side of the candle.

Cartouche: An ornamental shield or decoration usually placed above a door opening or fireplace mantel, often containing the name of a king, queen, or deity. Term also applies to a sculpture or back ornament in the form of an unrolled scroll.

Center Rail: A support beam that runs head to toe down the middle of a mattress foundation or bed frame for added support.

Color Transfer: The process of applying a color from one material onto another by the means of moisture or heat. The term can also refer to the accidental seepage of color from one material to another.

Comb Back: A Windsor chair having an extension of the back above the arm rail that consists of five or more spindles and a curved top rail resembling a comb.

Corner Block or Brace: A diagonal brace placed at the corner of a frame structure to provide strength. Commonly found on the inside corners of dressers and chests for example.

Credence Table: A type of small table used for storing food before serving; generally a semi-circular table with a hinged top.

An arrangement of tufted buttons which yields a diamond shaped pattern on the back of an upholstered piece of furniture.

Elevation: An elevation is a view of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane beside an object. In other words, an elevation is a side-view as viewed from the front, back, left or right.

Fall Front: The flap of a bureau or secr taire that pulls down to provide a writing surface.

Feng Shui: Literally translated as wind and water, it’s an ancient Chinese scientific practice based on selecting or configuring a site, structure or interior so as

to harmonize with the spiritual forces that inhabit it.

Flame Stitch: A wavy angular pattern that looks like the shape of a flickering flame, normally found on brocade fabrics.

cupboards. A famous piece of this era is the box chair. The box chair had paneled sides and back with a storage space under the seat. The dominant woods used in producing this style were primarily pine and oak.

Grand Rapids Style: Style inspired by several furniture factories in Grand Rapid Michigan at the turn of the 20th Century, which is still popular today. Pieces of this design are inexpensive and usually made of oak. The most popular item of this style is the oak pedestal table stained in a light finish.

storage bench seat.

Hepplewhite: A neo-classic furniture style that followed Chippendale from the late 1700’s to about 1820. It overlaps with Sheraton styles and shares similar elements of restrained design, tapered legs and classical ornamentation like urns and shields.

Jute: A plant that’s used in natural fiber flooring.

furnishings and accessory items inspired by the rustic elements and objects found in lodges.

Married: A term referring to an item of furniture that has been made up from two or more associated pieces, usually from the same period/style. Also, a term for

upholstered furniture that’s normally manufactured in a particular fabric or leather (opposed to a custom or special order covering).

design. Its simple basic look blends well with Shaker and Danish pieces.

upholstery with little or no exposed woodwork.

still carry the Palladian name today.

Pattern Repeat: The interval between the repetitions of the same pattern.

Persian Rug: A hand-tied Oriental rug made in Iran. Examples: Kirman, Kashan, Shiraz, Tabriz.

and ironic. The classics have extra emotional punch because you recognize such items as exaggerated Hollywood sofas, 1950’s boomerang tables or wacky 70’s chairs.

Rietveld Style: In the early 20th Century, the Rietveld furniture style grew from the Dutch Arts and Crafts movement with a strong Frank Lloyd Wright influence. Machined forms and manmade materials figured in this furniture style, which sought to preserve the integrity of Arts and Crafts while embracing the modern world.

traditional) headboards and footboards.

Sisal: A natural, durable fiber that’s frequently used in rugs.

Slat Back: An early American chair incorporating horizontal slats.

seen in mission and arts and crafts furnishings.

Split-Back Sofa: A sofa that’s made with vertical seamed indentations in the back, which usually divides the surface in three.

Tulip: A decorative design in the shape of a tulip that’s carved or painted on American furniture, especially Shaker.

Tuxedo: A sofa or chair design with a square frame created by the arm and back rests being equal in height.

constructed of mahogany, walnut and rosewood in dark finishes, which were often highlighted with elaborate carved floral designs. Common elements of this style

include oval chair backs and marble tops on tables and dressers.

A crossed stretcher at the bottom of a chair or


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